It’s important for one to understand the parent’s influence on a given litter. We see in all animals that their traits are often altered from generation to generation by artificial or natural selection. We see that genes that are responsible for beneficial traits are preferred to be passed on to offspring.
On the same note, the genes for detrimental traits are not passed on. In many generations, for instance, we’ve seen gradual changes happening in gene frequency and this can add up so as to produce big changes in a dog’s shape, behavior, or size.
Over the ages, we’ve observed that dogs behave the way they do because of how we have already chosen just what traits and behavior we like which makes them good for us. Whether they’re companions, protective or working dogs. There are cases where we’ve modified their behavior that is innate to them like hunting for prey so much so that they do not do that anymore.
This gradual process has been achieved through many generations. They were not done via breeding programs that have been structured quite tightly. Instead, it was done by choosing dogs to be bred. Those that are a success are kept and those that are not are not continued.
From this, it’s fairly accurate to point out that the first thing is to understand what you want to achieve. The next thing is to understand would be the basics of breeding dogs. Everything in this breeding process calls for a great understanding of heredity and canine genetics.
The idea is that if you really want to achieve improvement when it comes to your skills with breeding, this is not going to be an easy part. But, you’ve got to make a point of understanding what role canine genetics play while breeding dogs.
Anytime I mention canine genetics, people are scared off. This is completely fine, what comes into most people’s mind is the DNA chromosomes, alleles, genes, and other terms.
Assuming that we’re dog breeders and not a scientist, we just need to thoroughly learn the factors involving canine genetics. From here and using the information collected, we can actually make use of the information so as to make the bloodlines better in the coming generations.
Understand that genetics are the building blocks of all heredity. In the event that you want to duplicate or maybe remove some traits that are in dogs, understanding how genetics really work and how heredity functions in dogs is of the utmost value.
To breed dogs, you’ll need to understand the terminologies highlighted below in the genetic field:
DNA, chromosomes, cells & genes
Dominant and recessive genes
Every gene has a different form that’s often expressed as a certain trait.
This is a process through which the gene information is made useful and turned into a product that is functional.
This is the set made up of all the genetic information and genes that are contained in a community or population like dog breeds.
Genetic and environmental influences
What we have here is the dog’s phenotype. This is greatly influenced by the dog’s genotype as well as factors in the environment.
There’s no doubt that this sounds abstruse and confusing. However, it’s the mere essence that comes with breeding dogs and other species. Understand when it comes to dog breeding for selective traits, it is important that human supervision is quite essential and it is the best known way to make sure that a breed is improved.